Magyar nóta(k) Style and instruments
Style: Urban Hungarian Folk Music (Magyar Nóta) include a broad array of styles like:
- the slower songs, called Hallgató, are categorized under Rubata (R) in this collection.
- the dance music like Csárdás, (csárdá = roadside inn) Lassan (slow) Csárdás, Friss (quick, lively) Csárdás. The earlier described Palotás (palace dance) and Verbunkus, or recruitment dance usually are categorized under Csárdás (C) in this collection.
- the Nóta or Song with a great variety of styles are ccategorized under Song (S) in this collection.
- The Andalgó (A) also belongs to this category. It can be recognized by the typical rhythm support of the brácsa (bratch) as in this YouTube video: Jaj de szép kék szeme van magának )
All of these styles, categorized in this collection under Csárdás (C), Rubato (R) and Song (S) are represented below in some examples. The ramaining category Various (V) includes related styles, like Gipsy melodies. Instruments: the most typical instruments for orchestra’s playing Magyar nóták are the first violin played by the Primas, a second violin or rather a viola used as (rhythmic) brácsa (bratch), the cimbalom and the double bas, like in this YouTube video: Terék József és barátai
Other instruments played in larger orchestra’s are: a cello, a taragot or clarinet, a second cimbalom and, especially in western countries, a piano.
The Magyar Nóta or Urban Hungarian folk Music uses strophes both in even and uneven numbers. Usually the first strophe is repeated again as last strophe. In many cases the first strophe is repeated as second strophe, but in a quint higher pitch. Not uncommonly in at least the last of more verses the last two strophes of he verse are repeated again.